Coloristics is a very versatile area and is not limited to the hair coloring procedure. Sometimes stylists need to do some work on the mistakes. And sometimes - to prepare the base for the subsequent color change. And this often requires hair bleaching. What is it?

What is hair bleaching?

Hair bleaching is a procedure in which pigment is removed from the hair. More often, only partial color removal is required. But you can discolor the curls and completely. The procedure is universal: it works on both dyed hair and natural hair.

Experts warn that bleaching is an intermediate step. It will not work to get the desired result only due to this procedure, because after it the strands often acquire a rustic yellow color, which is better to cover with paint.

Pros and cons

Of course, bleaching has both positive and negative sides. Let's start with the merits. So this procedure allows:

  • correct bad coloring;

  • help to radically change hair color - turn, for example, a burning brunette into a platinum blonde;

  • save time - no need to wait for dyed hair to grow back; on average, color bleaching takes about 1-2 hours (if the hair is very dark, it may be necessary to repeat the procedure);

  • change hair color up to nine tones.

What are the disadvantages of this procedure?

  • Risk of ruining your hair. The agent penetrates deeply, passing through the protective scales of the cuticle. As a result, the strands can become dry and brittle. Several factors influence the final result. Firstly, the initial state of the hair (weak hair tolerates the color change procedure worse). Secondly, the right choice of means for bleaching. And thirdly, compliance with the rules and techniques.

  • Not the most beneficial effect on the scalp. Lightening products are quite aggressive and can break the protective barrier of the skin, so it is recommended to use special protectors for hair and scalp.

What is the difference between lightening and bleaching hair?

How to understand the nuances of what hair lightening is and how it differs from bleaching?

It's simple: when lightening, the strands become lighter by only a few tones, and when bleaching, they lose their pigment completely.

Both treatments can be done at home. But lightening can be self-sufficient, and hair bleaching always requires continuation in the form of a full-fledged coloring.

What bleaches hair?

How to bleach hair? There are plenty to choose from in 2023. Let's talk about it in more detail.


Powder products are mostly used by professionals. It is very important to properly activate the powder by mixing it with other ingredients in the right proportions. Experts emphasize that when choosing a bleaching agent, it is important to find a product that has protective properties: in this case, the procedure will be less traumatic for the hair.

Bleaching paints

How to properly bleach hair - with paint or powder - is a moot point. Some consider the latter a more aggressive means. Others are more advanced. But if you're planning on bleaching at home and don't have the skills of a colorist, it makes sense to choose paint. For example, the Garnier brand has in its rich arsenal also bleaching cream paints for home use.

The concentration of ammonia in the formulas of these products allows you to lighten curls up to nine tones, at the same time allowing you to "deal with" gray hair, if necessary.

And if you initially have a light shade of hair, there is a chance to bleach the strands at the same time and get one of the shades of the blond range. If the hair is dark, then after bleaching it is better to tint the strands.

By the way, you can bleach your hair both along the entire length and in part - this is sometimes done before complex dyeing. For example, if you want to carry out the procedure using the ombre technique, you do not need to bleach the hair roots and root zone.

How to bleach your hair at home

You can bleach your hair today in different ways - both by professional methods and folk ones. The latter in 2023 seem doubtful to us. Perhaps someone is experimenting with hydrogen peroxide, citric acid or hydroperite, but we strongly advise against doing this: the risk of ruining your hair is too high.

Another thing is the means that are tested in scientific laboratories. Let's tell you how to bleach your hair without leaving home, using Garnier paint as an example.

Evgeniy Sedoy Color expert, GarnierI recommend going to the official website and see the color reproduction. The knowledge gained will help you choose the right shade for your hair.
  1. To get started (48 hours before your scheduled procedure), do a test to see if you're allergic to paint. The best way to do this is written in the instructions for the tool.

  2. If there were no negative reactions, mix cream paint and developer milk. This should be done in a glass, ceramic or plastic container. Metal utensils are not suitable for this. In parallel, experts recommend using special products that protect the scalp from the bleaching composition.This is necessary if you plan to display color near the roots as well.

  3. Apply the product to the strands with a hair coloring brush. Work at the roots first (unless you plan on bleaching just the ends) and then go through the lengths.

  4. Let the dye on your hair for 30 minutes (as directed in the instructions) and rinse with warm water using shampoo and mask for colored hair (it is better to take the ones that come with bleach).

We will separately tell about the procedures that precede bleaching. It is believed that split ends and brittle hair should be prepared in advance for a color change. Start with a haircut: untidy ends spoil the look and complicate the task, they can be unevenly colored. Then do a nourishing hair treatment. Regularly use oils (but do not apply them to the scalp) and moisturizing masks.

It makes sense to do all this in a good way 2-3 months before the color change, but in modern realities, few people make plans for such a prospect.However, this does not mean that advice can be completely neglected. If at least a week is left before bleaching, use this time to nourish your hair. Either way, it will do them good.

Hair care after bleaching

Bleaching can damage your hair. But if you carry out the procedure correctly, and after changing the color, provide thoughtful care to your hair, you can minimize the consequences. We will tell you what products will help your hair to keep he althy and well-groomed.

Botanicals Rose & Geranium Balm by L'Oréal Paris

It doesn't matter if your hair is long or short - after bleaching, they can become more porous. There is only one plus in this: as a rule, such curls hold styling better. But it is important to understand that after bleaching, the hair will lack moisture.

Return and, importantly, maintain the required level of moisture will help Botanicals balm from L'Oréal Paris. Take one that contains geranium flower oil and rose extract: the product nourishes the curls and helps close the cuticle scales. As a result, the strands look more well-groomed, gain shine and become much easier to comb.

Garnier SOS Hair Saver 10 in 1 Leave-In Treatment

Afraid of overloading your hair with layers of different care products, but you want to moisturize the strands, and restore, and protect during styling? For these purposes, Garnier created a multifunctional product.

It contains a storehouse of useful components for hair. Lemon and apple extracts, vitamins B3 and B6 are only a small part of the beneficial composition of this leave-in treatment. In addition, manufacturers confirm that the product protects curls during hot styling with a hair dryer or curling iron (heated to 230 ° C).

Elseve Purple Shampoo by L'Oréal Paris

Products with a high concentration of purple pigments are indispensable in the care of dyed and bleached hair. After removing the pigment, the curls may acquire an unpleasant yellowish tint.

Purple shampoo will help to neutralize it. It will help keep the shade cool.

Popular questions about hair bleaching

How long should you bleach your hair?

If you have light strands, one procedure lasting 30-40 minutes is enough (standard exposure time of the product on the hair). The exact time is always written in the instructions for a specific product and may differ from the standard. In the case of dark curls, the procedure will most likely have to be repeated.


Can and should I bleach dyed hair?

Of course! But you should not lighten it - otherwise, two shades may enter into an argument, and the final color will be unpredictable. In both cases, bleaching gives more guarantees that the result will meet expectations.


What do you need to bleach your hair?

If you plan to carry out the procedure at home, prepare everything you need: a plastic or glass container for the coloring composition, a comb (preferably also made of plastic) and a hair dye brush.


What happens if you lighten dark hair instead of bleach it?

We don't want to scare you, but as a result you can get an unpredictable shade, up to a greenish one. Manufacturers even write on the packaging that they do not recommend using brightening products on dark chestnut curls.


How to bleach black hair?

In a beauty salon, you may be offered bleach powder. But at home, you can limit yourself to cream paint, on which “discoloring” should be written. Get ready for the procedure to be repeated. After the first bleaching session, the pigment is unlikely to go away completely: black is one of the most difficult to remove.