New types of manicure continue to appear, although it might seem that all possible techniques have long been invented and actively used. We offer to refresh the memory of the famous and get acquainted with fashion innovations

From season to season, the nail industry continues to bring us novelties and fresh trends - in addition to what is already very popular. There are new ways of caring for nails and hand skin, many of which can be called full-fledged spa rituals, and besides them, there is also a variety of nail art techniques that amaze the masters with a flight of fancy.At the same time, the classic manicure also remains relevant, new trends do not displace it, but harmoniously coexist with it.

What are manicure and pedicure techniques?

Manicure and pedicure are, first of all, procedures aimed at caring for nails and skin, the foundation of the basics. No matter how beautiful and original nail art you come up with, without a neat shape of nails and well-groomed skin around them, he will not be able to decorate your image; even a single-color coating is unlikely to look beautiful. It is imperative to devote time to care, especially since there are many opportunities for this. There are more than a dozen types of manicures and pedicures, so you just have to choose which one suits you best.

Classic

This is one of the most popular ways to give nails and hands a well-groomed look. Classic manicure and pedicure begin with correcting the shape of the nails. Further, before processing the cuticle, maceration is performed - a bath is made to soften the skin.

Another important feature of the “classic” is that this technique involves cutting the cuticle with tweezers or nail scissors. This technique has many opponents: it is believed that it is dangerous to cut the cuticle - it protects the root of the nail. However, many girls choose this technique, because it allows you to achieve a "clean" result before applying the coating. How to make a classic manicure yourself, we showed in this video.

European

This type of manicure and pedicure is very similar to the classic one. The main difference is that the cuticle is not cut off. They work with it in a more gentle way - they apply a gel remover, which dissolves dead skin particles and makes it easy to move it away.

After using this gel, the hands are placed in a bath with water and a softening compound.After a couple of minutes, you can push back the cuticle. Sometimes maceration in European manicure is not resorted to. In this case, only a remover or just a cuticle oil is used, which makes the skin more "pliable" - it will also be easy to push the cuticle with an orange stick or a pusher. Try Essie's Apricot, for example.

European manicure is one of the safest home manicure options.

Hardware

Hardware manicure and pedicure, as a rule, are “dry”: the overgrown skin (to be more precise, its keratinized particles) is removed using abrasive metal or ceramic hardware nozzles, and for this it does not need to be softened, so you can do without soaking in the bath.

The main advantages of this technique are the speed of manicure and pedicure, as well as the “cleanliness” of the result: after hardware processing, it is easy to make the now popular “under the cuticle” coating - with almost no gaps between the color on the nails and the skin around.

Japanese

This technique is a special ritual that is ideal for those who love the most natural manicure and pedicure, and also easily go without a coating.

It all starts with shape correction, then work on the cuticle with the help of a remover. It is also used to clean the nail plates. After that, special paste and powder based on beeswax with minerals are rubbed into them. Their texture closes the micro-damages of the plates, smoothing and strengthening the nails. At the same stage, they are polished - the nails acquire a glossy sheen. And then the restoration with powder and paste is fixed by applying serum; sometimes this step in Japanese manicure is skipped, completing the procedure with hand cream and cuticle oil.

Brazilian

In this type of manicure and pedicure, the emphasis is also on care. And also - for safety: it does not use scissors, tweezers, a scraper with a sharp "hatchet" at the end - it simply will not work to damage the skin or nails in a Brazilian manicure.

To adjust the shape in Brazilian manicure, nail files are used. After that, a nourishing cream is distributed over the skin of the hands, gloves are put on them and left for 5 minutes. The next step is to work with the cuticle. To do this, gloves are cut at the tips, and their main part remains on the hands (the cream will continue to moisturize the skin). The already softened cuticle is pushed back with an orange stick. At the end of the procedure, gloves are removed, and the remaining cream is massaged into the skin.

Spa

In such a manicure (and pedicure), the emphasis is on high-quality care for the skin of hands and feet with a relaxing effect. In spa manicure and pedicure, not only baths are used, but also scrubs, which are applied with soft massaging movements, as well as masks for deep moisturizing and nourishing the skin. Pleasant textures of products and delicate aroma turn this procedure into a full-fledged relaxation therapy session with the desired result in the form of well-groomed hands and feet.

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Types of nail coverage

The next step after getting the right shape and taking care of the skin around the nails and behind the nails themselves is the choice of coating. In some cases (for example, after a Japanese manicure), the nails acquire such a beautiful shine that you can do without the addition of varnish. True, if not for beauty, then at least to protect the nails, the coating is still worth doing. However, the choice is yours.

Hygienic and medical coatings

Such coatings are aimed at making nails stronger, stronger and generally he althy. Most often on the nails they look like a transparent varnish. But they act differently.

Among the medical coatings there are compounds with antifungal action, as well as varnishes that help fight the problem of exfoliating nails. After a course of application of therapeutic coatings, you can switch to restorative ones - these varnishes usually contain vitamins and other useful substances that help the nails finally return to normal.Strengthening varnishes are another option for those who want to build on their success after using treatment coatings. However, they are suitable for anyone who notices that the nails are weakened and thinned. These include, for example, "Here for a long time" from Essie.

A separate category of coatings is varnishes that stimulate nail growth. Firstly, they improve the condition of the nail plate by filling in microdamages on its surface, and secondly, they provide the nail root with the necessary nutrition necessary for the rapid growth of nails.

Decorative varnish

Such coatings give the nails an aesthetic look. As a rule, ordinary varnishes from this category do not stay on the nails for so long.

You can prolong the life of a manicure through the competent application of varnishes: before color coating, be sure to apply a base layer, and the color itself - in 2-3 layers (depending on the texture of the varnish, some “stripes”, and then for an optimal result it is required thicker coverage).You need to complete the manicure with decorative varnish with the help of a top - it will give the color coating the desired finish (glossy or matte), and also protect it. You can use Essie's Gel Setter for example.

Separately, it is worth mentioning the resistant varnishes. This category of coatings appeared after a surge in the popularity of gel polishes. In the nail industry, they wanted to come up with a coating option that does not need to be “dryed” under a lamp, with at least a week's durability. Many girls dreamed of an affordable way to make a durable coating at home. In addition, such varnish can be easily removed with ordinary nail polish remover without resorting to wrapping nails in foil.

Gel Polish

Despite the emergence of resistant varnishes, gel polishes do not lose their popularity. They are used according to the same algorithm as decorative varnishes: first a special base is applied, then 2-3 layers of color, and at the end - a top coat. After applying each layer, you need to hold your nails under a UV or LED lamp so that the coating hardens.So, for example, you need to act with the "Master" from Essie.

Gel polish lasts up to 3 weeks, most often the coating does not lose its quality all this time - chips and cracks do not appear. And nail polish replacement becomes necessary only because the nails grow back and the gap between the cuticle and the color becomes too noticeable.

There are many myths associated with gel polishes - in particular, that nails should be given a "rest" from such a coating. In fact, there is no need for this, since the nails consist of layers of keratinized, that is, dead, cells that do not need oxygen. Care is needed to a greater extent at the root of the nail, the area where the cuticle is located: it is here that the he alth of the nail plate is “formed”.

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Types of nail designs

French

French manicure is one of the few types of design that has not lost ground for many years, getting a new reading every season.French was invented in Hollywood in the 70s. Film production accelerated and required actresses to change their looks frequently. Redoing a manicure for each of them was a time-consuming procedure, so the task arose to find a nail art option that could complement any outfit. The way out was a French manicure with pink nude polish on the main part of the nail plate and a white arc in the shape of a smile on the tips of the nails.

Today, French is popular in its classic form, but a lot of people experiment with it. The simplest thing is to replace the white color of the “smile” with a bolder and brighter one. You can cover the tips with glitter, highlight with a noticeable, catchy shade, or replace the monochromatic accent with patterns on the tips of the nails.

Lunar manicure

Lunar manicure is a kind of opposite of French: the emphasis is not on the tips of the nails, but on the holes - and the color is not always used.

A hole can be selected, leaving it without a color coating at all, making it “empty”. A red manicure with a colorless hole, for example, is a popular retro version of the moon manicure.

Ombre

Ombre manicure is also called gradient. In the classic version, they create a smooth transition from one color at the tips of the nails to another - at the base.

There can be more than two colors: on long nails, the transition can be created using 3-4 shades. In addition, ombre is not only vertical, but also horizontal - with a “stretch” of color over several nails. In this case, you can apply a darker shade of varnish on the thumb and, as you move towards the little finger, make the coating a tone lighter.

With drawings and prints

Manicure with drawings is still very popular. Nail art is most often created by hand, using brushes and various varnishes, including gel polishes.

Another option is to use slider stickers with ready-made drawings. A more complex technique involves creating three-dimensional drawings using acrylic powder. Such a manicure is more often trusted by salon masters.

With glitter and rhinestones

These decor options in nail art are no longer exclusively festive. You can apply glitter on your nails these days without a reason. Glitter is used both for a dense shimmery coating on disco-style nails, and for a gentle manicure with an ombre effect - in this case, the sparkles seem to scatter over the nail plate. Rhinestones are used in manicure with voluminous decor as a shining accent.

Recommended to read:

  • 110 unusual french options
  • Rhinestone manicure: 115 ideas
  • Gradient manicure: design ideas

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