- The main rules for self-coloring
- Ways to dye your hair at home
- How to choose the right paint
- Essential tools and products for hair coloring at home
- How to dye your own hair: a step-by-step scheme
- Pro Tips
- Hair care after dyeing
Full beauty dossier for the procedure and a step-by-step scheme for its implementation
Tell you how to achieve the perfect shade of hair yourself.
The main rules for self-coloring
Before you start coloring, you need to test the paint for a shade and understand if you are allergic to the composition. To do this, apply a little dye to the strand near the neck and wait. By doing the “reconnaissance”, you will get rid of doubts about the correct choice of color and make sure that the paint is safe for you.
A common mistake girls make when coloring themselves is that they trust the picture printed on the package. In fact, there is no guarantee that the shade will be the same as that of the model. Usually the color is one or two shades lighter. This happens because the oxidizing agent used in home paints is more intense than what is used in beauty salons. If you want to achieve exactly the same color as on the package, try holding the dye on your hair for a couple of minutes less than the time stated in the instructions.
For dark hair
If you have dark hair and want to make permanent coloring, you should choose a paint tone darker than the color you want to end up with. Those who want to do toning will need a paint tone lighter. This is again due to the intensity of the oxidizer in home paints.
For blonde hair
For blond hair, the rule is the same: for permanent coloring, choose a paint tone darker than the color you want to get as a result. For temporary toning, a shade one tone lighter than the original hair color is suitable.
Ways to dye your hair at home
The choice of home coloring product depends on the durability of the result you need.
If you are coloring for the first time and are afraid to make a mistake, do not take risks and choose resistant paints. Light paints with a mousse texture are suitable for you. They are easy to apply and wash off over time, and the hair color becomes the same as before dyeing.
Tinted shampoos are also suitable for temporary coloring. They can be of all kinds of colors. Their action is enough for about a week if you wash your hair with regular shampoo every two to three days.For longer lasting results, tinted shampoos can be used with every hair wash.
You can also use spray paints for temporary coloring. They change hair color only on the surface, without penetrating the cortex, and are easily washed off with regular shampoo.
To get a permanent lasting result, you need to use a lasting cream paint. It allows you to keep the color for a long time, because the pigments penetrate the hair structure. Thus, only persistent cream paint can completely cover the original hair color, as well as paint over gray hair.
How to choose the right paint
When choosing a hair dye, you should be guided by two questions. What effect do you want to get, temporary or permanent? And what kind of paint do you want to use, ammonia or ammonia-free?
Types of paint classification
New generation paints are as harmless as possible and even take care of hair. They are divided into ammonia and non-ammonia. Let's talk about the difference
Ammonia is a gas that dissolves in water to form alkaline ammonium hydroxide. The task of this solution is to open the scales of the hair and destroy the existing pigment so that a new one takes its place. Therefore, staining with ammonia paints is the most resistant. Before using such a paint, you need to test it on a small area of \u200b\u200bthe skin to make sure that you are not allergic to the composition.
There is no ammonium in ammonia-free paints, so they practically do not destroy the natural pigment. Thanks to this, it is always possible to quickly return to the native hair color. Hair after using such a paint looks he althier than after using ammonia, but the pigment does not last long, being washed out with each use of shampoo. Ammonia-free paint does not cover gray hair and does not cope with discoloration of dark hair.
How to choose paint color
Hair color is best chosen based on your color type. A color type is a combination of eye color, skin tone and natural hair color. There are 4 color types: winter, summer, spring, autumn.
Determine your color type here.
The “summer” color type will suit shades of cold blond or cold blond, as well as chocolate, emphasizing the whiteness of the skin.
For the "winter" color type, choose black, chocolate and cocoa shades.
Honey blond, warm blond and honey shades are in harmony with the "spring" color type.
The autumn color type is perfectly complemented by golden, copper, chestnut, chocolate shades.
How much paint do you need
In order not to be mistaken, it is important to immediately calculate the required amount of paint. Otherwise, there is a risk of coloring the strands poorly, and the coloring will look untidy.
For short hair
One tube of paint will be enough.
For medium length hair
Medium length hair (within 40 cm) needs two tubes of color.
For long hair
For long ones you will need three tubes of paint.
Essential tools and products for hair coloring at home
To make quality coloring at home, you will need these tools and tools.
When choosing containers, as well as other tools, do not forget that they should not be metal. The metal can react chemically with the dye and change the color of the paint. The volume of the container depends on the length of your hair. If the hair is long, three tubes of dye will be required, for short hair one will be enough.
The main tool for coloring. In addition to the dye and oxidizer, the kit often also includes a balm or conditioner. They need to be used immediately after dyeing to provide the hair with the necessary care.
The quality of coloring directly depends on the selected brush. There are classic brushes, and there are brushes with a comb. A brush with a comb is convenient to use during toning or applying unstable paints. For persistent cream paints, a classic brush is better suited. The width of the brush should reach 5 cm. Narrow brushes are only good for coloring individual strands - it will be difficult to color the entire volume of hair with their help. The bristles should be soft - otherwise you will feel discomfort during the staining of the roots.
To prevent the dye from getting on your hands (resistant dyes are absorbed into the skin), we recommend using gloves. There is usually a set of cellophane gloves in the package, but ordinary medical gloves can also be used.
Comb and crab hairpins
To make it more convenient to dye your hair strand by strand, you can use hairpins and clips. They securely fix the hair, allowing you to achieve an even application of color.
Thermal paper is like foil. Individual strands are wrapped in thermal paper during highlighting and other types of complex dyeing. The difference from foil is that it is easy to clean and does not change its properties.
How to dye your own hair: a step-by-step scheme
The self-coloring process looks like this.
The hair is divided into 4 parts.
The composition is applied to the roots and spread with a brush along the entire length of the hair.
The hair is combed with a comb with rare teeth to evenly distribute the dye.
Waiting for the time specified in the instructions.
A couple of minutes before the end of the exposure, the hair should be slightly moistened with water and massaged.
The dye is washed off with shampoo.
We asked professional colorists how to dye their hair the right way, and here's what they told us. Top 5 tips from experts.
When choosing a new hair color, do not forget that it should match / harmonize with the shade of the eyebrows.
Thick and dense hair takes longer to dye, so hold the dye on your hair for 3-4 minutes longer than it says in the instructions.
To paint over gray hair, use natural shades, otherwise the color will look unnatural.
Lighten dark hair not immediately, but in 2-3 stages so as not to injure the strands.
After coloring, use masks and balms to reduce the negative impact of the chemical elements of paint on the hair.
Hair care after dyeing
Here are some tips for caring for colored hair.
Wash your hair no more than once every three days. It will be a gentle regime.
Dry your hair naturally or with a blow dryer on a cool setting so you don't deprive your hair of essential moisture and keep it he althy.
Comb your hair only with a massage brush with smooth teeth and rounded ends.
To restore hair after dyeing, use masks once or twice a week, and every time after shampooing - a moisturizing conditioner.