Detailed guide dedicated to the main beauty ingredient of our time

What is hyaluronic acid good for, how does it work and in what cases is it most effective in facial care? We answer the most popular questions.

What is hyaluronic acid?

Hyaluronic acid is a polysaccharide that is synthesized in the human body. It is a transparent sticky substance and is found predominantly in connective tissue. The word "acid" in the name is a bit scary, but hyaluronic acid does not work at all like the acids that first come to mind.In fact, it acts as a magnet: it quickly attracts moisture and, more importantly, perfectly retains it in the cells.

Impressive fact: one gram of hyaluronic acid can hold up to six (!) liters of water.

On the label, hyaluronic acid can be hidden under one of the following names:

  • hyaluronic acid,

  • sodium hyaluronate,

  • hydrolyzed hyaluronic acid.

Benefits of hyaluronic acid for facial skin

The effect of hyaluronic acid on the skin of the face is comprehensive - and quite obvious:

  • moisturizes the skin, eliminates dryness and flaking,

  • increases skin elasticity,

  • smoothes mimic wrinkles, nasolabial folds,

  • softens,

  • levels out age-related skin changes.

In addition, it effectively heals wounds, promoting skin regeneration.

The amount of hyaluronic acid in the body decreases with age (the same happens, for example, with collagen and elastin). Factors that accelerate this unpleasant process are exposure to sunlight, tobacco smoke, and polluted air. But even if you protect your body from the negative influence of the environment as much as possible, the process of natural production will still one day begin to slow down. As a result, the water balance in the tissues is disturbed, the skin and hair look dull and dehydrated, the body ages faster.

You can "replenish" stocks from the outside in different ways. Someone prefers injections (they are also called “beauty injections”) and nutritional supplements, others are limited to cosmetics with hyaluronic acid in their composition.

Types of hyaluronic acid

It can have different molecular weights and, as a result, affect the skin differently.

High molecular weight

Larger hyaluronic acid molecules attract more water and hold it longer. The dimensions do not allow these molecules to "seep" into the skin, a significant part remains on the surface, forming a special kind of film. It prevents the evaporation of moisture, which keeps the level of skin hydration at a height. High molecular weight hyaluronic acid is also used in injection procedures.

Low molecular weight

Low molecular weight hyaluronic acid does not remain on the surface, it can penetrate the epidermis and work there, stimulating the synthesis of hyaluronic acid in the body, as well as collagen and elastin. This approach is good both for the immediate effect and for the long term.

How to understand what type of hyaluronic acid was used to create a particular beauty product? It is impossible to determine this by composition, so you will have to trust the description. Pay attention to what exactly the manufacturer promises in advertising: instant hydration or cumulative anti-age effect?

Hyaluronic acid in skincare

It is used in both basic care and products designed to solve more specific problems.

Hyaluronic acid cream

  • Face cream
    Hyaluronic acid is found today in almost every second face cream. So when choosing, pay attention not so much to this component as to other features of the cream: for what type of skin and time of day it is intended, what effect it promises. For example, L’Oréal Paris has a whole line of “Hyaluron Expert”, which includes day and night creams, as well as an agent for the area around the eyes – a shock dose of moisture is provided.

  • Cream for the skin around the eyes
    The skin around the eyes is thinner and more delicate, which means it needs specific care. Take a closer look at La Roche-Posay's Hydraphase Intense Yeux: a light creamy-gel texture is just right for the eye area. Low molecular weight hyaluronic acid paired with glycerin is responsible for intense hydration, and caffeine helps to cope with puffiness.

  • Hand cream
    Hand or body cream with hyaluron is a relatively rare occurrence. But if you meet, buy without hesitation: hyaluronic acid is good in any form.

Face Serum

Using a serum with hyaluronic acid increases the effectiveness of the cream, but it can also be used solo. For example, Kiehl's Vital Skin-Strengthening Super Serum does the job of strengthening the skin's defenses on its own. The serum contains fragmented hyaluronic acid, which penetrates into the deepest layers of the epidermis.Skin firmness and elasticity increase after 4 weeks, as confirmed by a clinical test.

Hyaluronic acid patches

They will save you after a hard flight and help your skin recover after a wild party. We advise you to take a closer look at Garnier Moisturizing + Youthful Radiance fabric eye patches based on the formula with green tea and hyaluronic acid. They intensively moisturize, give radiance, smooth fine wrinkles - and all this in just 15 minutes.

Masks

" If you need to invigorate your face in express mode, a mask with hyaluronic acid is one of the best types of SOS products. Pay attention to the hyaluro-mask Revitalift Filler from L&39;Oreal Paris: it restores volume and elasticity, fills wrinkles and smoothes the skin."

Fans of sheet masks also have plenty to choose from: for example, Garnier has released a whole line of masks with hyaluronic acid for the face. Night and universal, against blackheads and anti-stress - everyone will find the best solution for their skin.

Gels

In facial cleansers, hyaluronic acid also shows its best side. However, a good neighborhood also matters: for example, Garnier's Hyaluronic Aloe Gel Foam contains 96% natural ingredients and is suitable even for vegans.

Hyaluronic acid in color cosmetics

To see hyaluronic acid on the ingredient list of a moisturizer or face serum is no surprise. But if you look closely at the composition of foundation, lipstick or lip gloss, you can see the familiar name there too.

Foundation

The legendary line of foundations Alliance Perfect "Perfect Fusion" last year experienced a renovation - now the formulas contain hyaluronic acid. And this promises a number of additional benefits: easier distribution, perfect fusion with the skin and hydration for up to 24 hours.

Primer

Honey Dew Me Up gel primer from NYX Professional Makeup can, if necessary, replace even a skin care product, because it contains a whole scattering of valuable components. Hyaluronic acid, natural honey, panthenol, collagen - recommended!

Lipstick

Thanks to the hyaluron in NYX Professional Makeup Filler Instinct, lips stay hydrated for up to 8 hours. And the ginger extract that complements it provides a wow effect: the lips become visually plumper.

Lip Gloss

L'Oréal Paris' Infaillible lip gloss line is best known for its variety of textures and shades. But few people know that the composition of the product is also worthy of close attention: it is enriched with hyaluronic acid, vitamins and antioxidants.

How to use facial cosmetics with hyaluronic acid?

Hyaluronka is good because it does not require special attention.Of course, you cannot inject hyaluronic acid at home, but the care products are very easy to use on your own: just apply a cream or serum to slightly moisturized skin and wait until completely absorbed. It is important that hyaluronic acid is compatible with most other ingredients, including acids, vitamins and oils, which means that cosmetics with this ingredient will not conflict with other products.

The most common questions about hyaluronic acid

Answering the five most popular questions.

Is it safe to use hyaluronic acid on the face?

Hyaluronic acid is safe to use. Since the body produces it naturally, allergic reactions are very rare. After the injection, redness or slight bruising may appear on the skin, but most often this is a reaction to the injections, and not to the component.

Are there any contraindications?

Basic contraindication - hypersensitivity to hyaluronic acid or any of the components of the drug, which contains hyaluronic acid. If we are talking about injections, this procedure has a separate list of contraindications - you should definitely consult a doctor.

How is hyaluronic acid obtained?

In the body, it is synthesized by fibroblasts; artificially - extracted from vegetable raw materials, such as wheat.

How to replace hyaluronic acid at home?

There are a number of other humectants, including glycerin and urea.

At what age can hyaluronic acid face products be used?

Hyaluronic acid face products can be used at any age, according to indications. But with injections, it is better to wait at least until the age of 25.

Tell us about your favorite hyaluronic acid products in the comments!

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