Professionals never tire of repeating that makeup brushes must be of high quality. One of the most important selection criteria is pile

In many ways, it depends on the pile how the brushes will manifest themselves in the process of creating makeup. Therefore, it is worth studying its varieties in order not to make a mistake in choosing and purchase high-quality brushes that will last a long time.

Types of bristles of makeup brushes

Makeup brushes use a variety of bristles. The two main categories are natural and synthetic.Many people mistakenly think that synthetic brushes are of lower quality than natural bristle brushes. In fact, the former are in no way inferior to the latter, and the main difference between them lies in the scope.

Brushes with different bristles are needed to work with different textures of cosmetics. So, natural hair has a porous structure and because of this, it absorbs cream products when they are applied to the skin.

In this case, the pile quickly accumulates dirt, which creates a favorable environment for the growth of bacteria. Such brushes will have to be carefully looked after, cleaning them after each use. Therefore, natural brushes are more often used to apply cosmetics with a dry powdery texture. Regardless of which brushes you choose, make sure you know how to clean them after use.

As for synthetic hair, on the contrary, it does not absorb cosmetics.With such brushes, it is recommended to apply products with a creamy texture. After makeup, they are easy to wash, they last longer, and, unlike brushes with natural bristles, they do not provoke allergic reactions.

The beauty industry has long learned to combine different types of pile. This is how a duo-fiber brush with synthetic tips and a natural base appeared. Thanks to such a tool, you can achieve a fairly reliable, but at the same time not too heavy coverage.

Natural hair for brushes

Despite the fact that practical synthetic brushes have long been produced as soft and pleasant to use as natural ones, there are still fans of goat, squirrel, pony and other animal bristle brushes. There are reasons for this: they are presented in a wide variety, and each type of natural pile has its own unique texture.


Natural brushes from this bristle are perhaps the most common option. Goat bristle brushes, though harsh, are still fluffy. They are designed for applying powder, blush, highlighters and other products with a dry texture that need to be well blended onto the skin. There are goat hair brushes, for example, at Giorgio Armani - these are Powder Brush and Blush Brush.

Brushes for blending shadows from this brand are also made of goat hair.


Squirrel brushes are soft and delicate. They do not cause any discomfort to the skin. Therefore, eye brushes are made from such a pile - they can be used to apply shadows, as well as dry and gel eyeliner, drawing arrows.


Kolinsky brushes are similar to squirrel brushes - they are also pleasant to the touch, but a little more elastic. Therefore, eye makeup brushes are most often made from such a pile. These are brushes for shadows, for shading a pencil, for eyeliner.


Silky sable brushes are ideal for applying foundation in a very thin layer. They are used when it is necessary, for example, to apply a highlighter on the cheekbones with translucent strokes.

True, these brushes are not cheap, so the purchase may not be very practical: the same good result can be achieved with a more affordable goat hair brush.


Pony bristles and horse hair are the go-to material for making flat brushes, which are convenient to layer makeup on the skin. Sometimes foundation is also applied with such brushes, although it is not recommended to work with liquid products using natural brushes. Giorgio Armani, for example, makes flat eyeshadow brushes Maestro Brush from horsehair.

It often happens that several types of natural pile are combined in one brush. Combinations can be different: for example, there are brushes with a pile of squirrels and ponies or squirrels and goats. This mix allows you to achieve greater softness or, for example, greater elasticity of the pile.


Synthetic hair makeup brushes

Modern synthetic brushes have many advantages. Sometimes they are indistinguishable from natural ones: they are just as soft and give the skin a gentle touch. They do not accumulate any cream or powder, so they are easy to care for with ordinary detergents.

Synthetic brushes are often sold at a low price, but you should not look for cheaper options: there is a risk of buying a brush that is not of the highest quality, which, most likely, will have to be changed. This is exactly the case when the miser pays twice.


Nylon fiber is commonly used to make brushes for oily products and water-based cosmetics: tonal foundations, cream blushes, sculptors, bronzers and others. Nylon allows you to make the brush more dense and stiff or, conversely, softer. Powder products with such brushes can also be applied.


Taklon brushes are softer and more pleasant to the touch than nylon ones. At the same time, this pile is durable - they serve for a long time without losing quality. There is another important benefit: brushes made of this material apply products on the skin in a thin layer, although synthetic brushes are usually expected to have a dense coverage.

Synthetic brushes for different occasions can be found at NYX Professional Makeup and also at Urban Decay. By the way, this brand makes its brushes from recycled plastic bottles - an example of how to combine high quality with environmental care.

Which is better: natural or synthetic hair?

This question cannot be answered unequivocally, because each of these types of brushes has its own advantages. In professional kits, make-up artists usually have both natural and synthetic brushes. And each has its own purpose: some apply foundation, some powders, others - shadows, eyeliners.Each properly selected brush, due to its characteristics, helps the texture of the product to optimally "lie" on the skin and gain a foothold on it.

It takes practice to figure out which brushes work best. Experience will show which of them do a better job of applying, shading, softening lines and other tasks in a make-up. As a result, natural brushes become favorites for some, and synthetic brushes for others.


Brushes with what pile are in your cosmetic bag? Write a comment.